Ministry of Jesus Christ on earth was only one year

It is traditionally taught that the ministry of Jesus on this world is 3 to 3.5 years. However, after careful consideration of all events described in the gospel and the prophecy about Jesus ministry on earth, we can comfortably conclude that His ministry on earth was just 1 year.
Passover is only mentioned once in all gospels (in the below chapters) except the gospel of John.
  • Matthew 26
  • Mark 14
  • Luke 22

In all the above 3 gospels, the only Passover mentioned during His ministry is the Passover He kept just before His crucifixion.
However, in the gospel of John, it is mentioned thrice.
  1. (John 2:13-14, 23) Now the Passover of the Jews was at hand, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem. And He found in the temple those who sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the moneychangers doing business. … Now when He was in Jerusalem at the Passover, during the feast, many believed in His name when they saw the signs which He did.
  2. John 6:4-5 Now the Passover, a feast of the Jews, was near. Then Jesus lifted up His eyes, and seeing a great multitude coming toward Him, He said to Philip, “Where shall we buy bread, that these may eat?” 
  3. John 11, 12, 13, 18, 19 – this is the last Passover before His crucifixion which is also mentioned in the other gospels.

Identifying the Passover in John 2:13-14

The event mentioned just before the Passover in John 2:13-14 is also mentioned in the other gospels before the only Passover mentioned.
  • Matt 21:12 Then Jesus went into the temple of God and drove out all those who bought and sold in the temple, and overturned the tables of the money changers and the seats of those who sold doves.
  • Mark 11:15 So they came to Jerusalem. Then Jesus went into the temple and began to drive out those who bought and sold in the temple, and overturned the tables of the money changers and the seats of those who sold doves.
  • Luke 19:45 Then He went into the temple and began to drive out those who bought and sold in it,
Hence, the Passover mentioned in John 2:13-14 is same Passover mentioned in other gospels. However, John mentions this in the beginning indicating that the gospel of John is not chronological.

Identifying the Passover in John 6

The event mentioned just before the Passover in John 6, that is feeding the 5000 is also mentioned in the other gospels in the following chapter/verses.
  • Matt 14:17 And they said to Him, “We have here only five loaves and two fish.”
  • Mark 6:38 But He said to them, “How many loaves do you have? Go and see.” And when they found out they said, “Five, and two fish.”
  • Luke 9:13 But He said to them, “You give them something to eat.” And they said, “We have no more than five loaves and two fish, unless we go and buy food for all these people.”
This seems that there is another Passover. However, after looking carefully in gospel of John, the very next chapter (which is 7), speaks of the feast of Tabernacle.
  • John 5:1 After this there was a feast of the Jews, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem. 
  • John 7:1-2 After these things Jesus walked in Galilee; for He did not want to walk in Judea, because the Jews sought to kill Him. Now the Jews’ Feast of Tabernacles was at hand.

The date difference between the Passover and the Feast of Tabernacles is roughly 6 months. There is also a feast mentioned in chapter 5 (which may or may not refer to the same Passover feast). As we saw earlier, the gospel of John is not strictly in chronological order and this Passover could very well be the final Passover mentioned in other gospels.

Hence, there is no significant evidence from the gospels to prove that Jesus Christ’s ministry on earth was 3.5 years.

Luke 4:17-21 And He was handed the book of the prophet Isaiah. And when He had opened the book, He found the place where it was written: “The Spirit of the LORD is upon Me, Because He has anointed Me To preach the gospel to the poor; He has sent Me to heal the brokenhearted, To proclaim liberty to the captives And recovery of sight to the blind, To set at liberty those who are oppressed; To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD.” Then He closed the book, and gave it back to the attendant and sat down. And the eyes of all who were in the synagogue were fixed on Him. And He began to say to them, “Today this Scripture is fulfilled in your hearing.”

Further, according to the prophecy of Isaiah, it is the acceptable year of the Lord not “acceptable years”. The non chronological order of events in John must not mislead in counting the number of years of Christ’s ministry on earth. Hence, Jesus Christ’s ministry on earth was only one year as prophesied by Isaiah.
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Vincent Ruello
2 years ago

John is in Chronological order, the 2nd Passover mentioned has now been verified by the calendar discovered in the Dead Sea Scrolls revealing a 2nd Passover festival one month after the Passover of the 14th of Aviv and yes I agree His ministry was 1 year

Tamara Mattson
2 years ago
Reply to  Vincent Ruello

You don’t need outside sources like Dead Sea scrolls to confirm just read and search the scriptures-Bible-Numbers 9:11 the Bible stands alone.

1 year ago
Reply to  Tamara Mattson

Sorry, Tamara, but your zeal for the infallibility of Scripture is not supported by the facts, nor by the Bible itself!

Tamara Mattson
2 years ago

Another consideration is that the Jews celebrated two Passover’s in a year. The second Passover of the year was held the second month of the year after the first month of Passover. It was for those that were unclean or were unable to attend the first month Passover. Read chapter 9 of Numbers. Specifically Numbers 9:11.

If this is the case and I believe it is- then the ministry of Jesus was one year and the book of John is chronological! Any conflict we have with scripture- KJV. Lies with us. Scripture is true!

Sam Overduin
2 years ago
Reply to  Tamara Mattson

Time line doesn’t add up with feeding of the 5000 being in the 6th month before the day of Trumpets. I am told RCC added in John 6:4 to help a theory and try to remove the Jewishness of Jesus.

Pierre-Christian Singer
1 year ago
Reply to  Tamara Mattson

Dear Tamara, you are my heroine!!! I´ve always thought that this feeding of chapter VI John has to do something with people who are sinners! Because it is stated in Mark and Matthew why Jesus eats with sinners. Now YOU gave me finally the missing link! God bless you! Consider please Zacharias chapter 1, where is the 24th of the 11th month stated. Exactly 62 weeks in a leap year leads to the 14th Nisan!!! Then the Messiah according Daniel will eradicated. Eradicated from ex radix means LIFTED UP from the GROUND or taken AWAY from the ground, OUT OF THE ROOTS. This was in a double sense: His own people delivered him away to the gentiles, this is what is meant when the Jewish bible talks about a “soul shall be eradicated from Israel”. This has nothing to do with extermination but to take away someones roots. The other sense is, that they cut the connection of Jesus with his feet to the ground. If this fanatical antichrist Rabbi Tovia Singer could understand, I´ve always my trouble with him on Youtube. Jesus is THE ONLY POSSIBLE MESSIAH. There could be no other, because ONLY HE meets ALL the prophecies! God bless you, for your help, you´ve opened my eyes!!! Greetings PC

1 year ago

Very interesting observation, But please write how you calculated it … I am very interested in this topic

Pierre-Christian Singer
1 year ago
Reply to  Tamara Mattson

PS In my excitement I almost forgot the most important thing: John tells about the Passah that is near but he speaks about barley bread. This could only be an excact information about the bread. But it could also be a hint. I always had problem, becaus harvest of barley is in April but the Passover is also in April. So how could the feeding be BEFORE the passover but in April. It is possible indeed. But if THIS passover is in May, then there is no problem at all. The barley harvest is over and they made bread BEFORE the beginning of May and the second passover.

Sam Overduin
2 years ago

I am just learning about this. A Passover lamb had to be a lamb of 1 year (Exodus 12:5 “…a male a year old;…”)without any blemish. If so this would have had to have been a requirement? No?

Ephraim Solmon
2 years ago
Reply to  Felix Immanuel

This is amazing! I had this question today and I found your page today. This is min-blowing! Thank you so much

Aubrey Zhang
1 year ago

The real problem is not John 6:4 but Daniel chapter 9 concerning the anointed one would be cut off in the middle of the last 7, which is 1260 days. How do you explain that?

Sloane Andres
1 year ago
Reply to  Aubrey Zhang

Good question but looking at the Septuagint clarifies this: In Daniel 9:26 the angel says “AFTER the 62 weeks the Messiah will be cut off but not for himself.” The middle of the week you are referring to is 9:27 in our translations say, “Then He shall confirm a covenant with many for one week; But in the middle of the week He shall bring an end to sacrifice and offering…” This is incorrectly translated–I am not a Greek scholar but in the Greek Septuagint there is no subject and it reads “The covenant shall be established with many and in the middle of the week the sacrifice and oblation shall be taken away.” There is no “he” in either sentence and this verse is not referring to Jesus. Eusebius wanted to teach that God was done with the Jews so he had to come up with an explanation of how the prophecy in Daniel 9 was finished so– 3 1/2 years till Jesus crucified and another 3 1/2 years till the stoning of Stephen and then voila! The prophecy is fulfilled and finished and now God has all his dealings with the church only.

1 year ago

I read Luke 4:18-19 today, and it became clear to me that the prophecy read by Jesus was referring to a literal year of the Lord’s favor (only one year of his ministry). Then I realized that there is no proof in scripture that his ministry was 3+ years long. Then I googled it and found this website. Now “to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor” makes a lot more sense.

Yoel Salguero (Guatemala)
9 months ago

In other words, in John 6.4, we have a Yeshua who breaks the Torah and celebrates a fictitious “Passover”, far from the temple, with 5,000 MEN doing the same, following him to Capernaum, risking their worship of YHWH by not going up to Jerusalem?

Then we see this Yeshua, a spiritual anarchist, preach in Capernaum: “and I will raise him up at the last day..”

It is more certain that this party is Yom Truah and not the Passover…

Furthermore, in the time of Clement of Alexandria (about 150 years before Eusebius of Caesarea invented a Ministry of 3 and a half years), it was indeed believed in a Ministry of 1 year, along with Origen, Tertullian, Lactantius, Philastrius, Gaudentius, Evagrius, Orosius and Ephraem. In their manuscripts there was no verse 4 of John 6, this Passover was later declared as NOT PRIMITIVE AND NOT GENUINE.

P.S. Translated into English from comment made in Spanish.